Google Analytics 4 vs. Common Analytics: Key variations and what they imply for publishers | What’s New in Publishing


Google not too long ago introduced that they’re sunsetting Common Analytics (UA), also called Google Analytics 3 (GA3), and that customers will probably be compelled to change to Google Analytics 4 (GA4) by July 2023. After that date, UA will probably be minimize off. 

As a result of Google Analytics 4 is a wholly new analytics product, this variation is inflicting points within the extensively deployed UA world and presents a serious problem for GA implementers and finish customers. 

Many publishers and content material entrepreneurs are actively researching the implications of this variation—the way it will impression their analytics ecosystems, their workflows, and in the end their companies. Some are contemplating different analytics options that higher match their wants as content-focused organizations.

This publish will cowl frequent questions concerning the sunsetting of UA, together with the variations between UA and Google Analytics 4, the mandatory steps for migrating to Google Analytics 4, the issues persons are encountering with the Google Analytics 4 product and migration, and the advantages of a content-first strategy to analytics.

  • What’s Google Analytics 4?
  • How is Google Analytics 4 completely different from Common Analytics?
  • Widespread challenges with Google Analytics 4 and the required migration
  • Ought to I take advantage of Google Analytics 4? Our take

What’s Google Analytics 4?

Google Analytics 4 is the brand new title for Google’s App & Internet analytics platform. It’s the most recent model of GA, changing UA, which will probably be utterly deprecated by July 1, 2023. Earlier than then, UA customers should migrate to Google Analytics 4, making a model new analytics property. All new GA customers will probably be utilizing Google Analytics 4. 

Historical past of Google Analytics 4

In 2012, Google launched a brand new tagging setup known as Common Analytics, which grew to become in style shortly as a easy improve from the historic GA. Additionally they launched a second product within the analytics house known as Firebase, which centered on instrumenting cell apps. 

Google ultimately introduced UA and Firebase collectively to permit for web site channel tagging and app monitoring. This merger of monitoring approaches, initially known as App + Internet, is now branded as Google Analytics 4.

How is Google Analytics 4 completely different from Common Analytics?

From a feel and appear standpoint, Google Analytics 4 is much like UA at a really excessive stage, which you’ll be able to see from the screenshots under. On the floor, many issues look related—the colour scheme and the sidebar—however the structure and performance of the 2 merchandise are utterly completely different. 

In Google Analytics 4, some performance is gone whereas some is revised, and even the labels within the sidebar and UI are completely different. Importantly, “views” are gone—which, for many individuals, was probably the most accessible means to make use of Google Analytics. Google Analytics is tougher now with out this metric.

Occasions change session-based information mannequin

The key architectural change between UA and Google Analytics 4 is switching from a session-based information mannequin to an event-based one. 

When Google created UA, they made an architectural determination to construct the entire information monitoring mannequin across the concept of a “session.” However in Google Analytics 4, that has modified utterly. Now, the main target is on the idea of a “consumer” after which any variety of related “occasions.” Periods are one thing customers should derive after the actual fact. 

There are even separate occasions for issues like pageviews or customized conversion actions. Meaning customers should tag and implement all of these occasions manually with the brand new Google Analytics 4 tagging construction to heart their complete monitoring mannequin round customers and occasions. 

Why are they switching to an events-based mannequin? Stress within the European Union (particularly GDPR) is speculated as a serious cause. 

Engagement time replaces bounce fee

Attributable to this architectural shift to an event-based information mannequin, moderately than Customers, Periods, and Session Length being the core metrics, Google Analytics 4 now focuses on Customers, Occasions, and Engagement Time.

Consequently, the bounce fee metric is being retired in favor of engagement time—GA’s new measure of lively viewers engagement. Engagement time aggregates the time customers spend actively engaged with net pages. 

Actual-time information is unavailable

Actual-time monitoring in Google Analytics 4 is extraordinarily restricted in comparison with UA’s—displaying information from the “final half-hour” at finest. There isn’t a deal with real-time studies or APIs in Google Analytics 4, so customers should construct that performance themselves atop BigQuery and PubSub in Google Cloud. 

Cell monitoring is supported

iOS and Android monitoring is supported in Google Analytics 4 through a brand new characteristic known as Knowledge Streams. It leverages Google’s devoted cell improvement platform, Firebase, which they’ve rebranded as Google Analytics for Firebase.

Extra deal with Google Tag Supervisor 

The brand new event-based information mannequin in Google Analytics 4 and the required reimplementation is forcing customers to rely much more on Google Tag Supervisor (GTM) to handle their tags. Right here’s extra info on tagging your web site for Google Analytics 4 with GTM.

Widespread challenges with Google Analytics 4 and the required migration

The sunsetting of UA and the compelled migration to Google Analytics 4 is inflicting main complications for GA customers and implementers. 

Intensive reimplementation is required to arrange Google Analytics 4

Getting Google Analytics 4 arrange requires plenty of additional work due to the architectural adjustments. For instance, a pageview occasion will not be robotically labeled as a pageview occasion. It might be a generic occasion that customers should tag manually as a pageview.

With Google Analytics 4, it takes plenty of thought and energy to arrange a web site to measure significant issues. And to try this constantly over time, upkeep turns into an vital however time-consuming requirement. Google Analytics 4 customers will probably be compelled to twin tag and retag their websites, reimplement all conversion occasions, and redo all studies, API integrations, and SQL integrations. 

Shedding historic information

The shift from a session-based to an event-based information mannequin in Google Analytics 4 additionally implies that customers lose entry to all of their historic studies and information together with all the pieces else that they had in GA3—even issues like API integrations (Slack, Google Sheet, and so on.) and Backend SQL-based queries.

Even when they dual-tag quickly, Google Analytics 4 customers gained’t be capable of entry information from greater than a yr in the past. As Google Analytics 4 is a wholly new product with completely different structure, customers can’t import UA historic information as a result of the information tables don’t join to one another.

Historic information in Google Analytics 4 solely begins from the purpose a web site is retagged, in order of July 1, 2023, customers will probably have lower than 12 months of historic information. If it’s a last-minute retag, there could also be only some months of historic information.

That is problematic as a result of readership is very impacted by seasonality. For instance, the vacation season has fully completely different patterns and developments in comparison with the start of summer time. Having the ability to examine apples-to-apples with strong historic information is important for precisely benchmarking your content material efficiency. Not having that kind of historic information is creating a serious blind spot for content material groups.

AMP will not be supported

One other situation with Google Analytics 4 is that it doesn’t help AMP, in any other case often known as Accelerated Cell Pages. This can be a net format Google created, but it surely doesn’t work easily with Google Analytics 4 at this level. (Some customers are confused why Google isn’t supporting their very own merchandise.)

Not each web site is utilizing AMP, however many are and it may account for a major proportion of visitors, particularly search visitors. Shedding visibility into that viewers is creating one other main blind spot for a lot of publishers and, in fact, that may have detrimental results. 

Making choices based mostly on partial understandings of your viewers and the way they’re participating together with your digital merchandise can simply lead you within the fallacious course.

Google Analytics 4 nonetheless isn’t content material analytics

Knowledge in and of itself will not be beneficial. What’s beneficial is having information that’s accessible to a broad variety of people who want it to tell choices they’re making on a day-to-day or strategic foundation. The particular person producing the perception and appearing on it ought to ideally be the identical.

The architectural adjustments with Google Analytics 4 and the shift of focus away from classes and pageviews not solely creates a ton of labor for implementers and finish customers, but it surely additionally strikes Google Analytics 4 even farther away from being a beneficial answer for content material professionals. 

Getting GA arrange appropriately to show information in user-friendly views was by no means simple, however Google Analytics 4 is even much less user-friendly for groups at content-focused organizations.

This can be a marker of the place Google is focusing their time and vitality, and what segments of the market they’re valuing. Proper now, it’s clear they’re not constructing merchandise for publishers, content material entrepreneurs, and people who find themselves participating with content material and audiences each day.

Ought to I take advantage of Google Analytics 4? Our take 

Google Analytics has at all times existed as a free net analytics software, but it surely has by no means been a content material analytics answer. Content material analytics is a definite type of analytics for content material creators, content material entrepreneurs, and content material strategists—individuals who publish blogs and articles to drive actual ROI for his or her enterprise. 

Don’t eliminate Google Analytics if you happen to’re comfy with it. However it may’t be your be-all and end-all of day-to-day reporting and actions onsite.

Your information scientists will nonetheless use Google Analytics 4 to gather information after which ship it into their BI instruments (Large Question, for instance). And it’s nonetheless nice as a commodity supplier for third-party integrations in your advertising packages round AdWords. Simply do not forget that you’ll be lacking a unified view round content material, viewers, and conversion.

Andrew Butler

Re-published with variety permission of, the insights firm that empowers media homeowners to know and enhance digital viewers engagement by way of information


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